How To Grow Homalomena
Mon, Dec 13, 2021

Growing a Homalomena Plant at Home: A Detailed Plant Care Guide

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Growing a Homalomena

If you are fed up with the classic spathiphyllum and dieffenbachia, and you are ready for more complex care for the sake of decorativeness, you should look at the spectacular large-leaved plant – Homalomena. Huge leaves in lush bushes stand out pleasantly against the background of the room classics.

Homalomena is a spectacular evergreen perennial with large leaves, belonging to the Araceae family. It surprises with its compactness, about 25 cm high, but thanks to its huge leaves, the plant seems bulky. The rosettes are dense. This perennial is native to Asia and South America and grows mainly in tropical latitudes. When Homalomena is grown indoors, the flowering of this plant can be seen infrequently, and the inflorescence must be cut off immediately after it appears.

Homalomena comes in a wide variety of colors, from the usual dark green to red, silver, and even almost black! Let’s find out about the most popular types.

Homalomena Varieties

It is not uncommon to see wild Homalomena species such as wallisii or rubescens in tropical greenhouses or gardens.

Homalomena Wallisii

Plant Care Homalomena

The length of large variegated Homalomena leaf plates is usually about 20–25 centimeters, while their red petioles are relatively small, reaching a maximum of 12 centimeters. Since the large leaves are too close to each other, the plant looks like a compact bush. The outer side of the leaves is light green, while decorated with dark green spots of various shapes, and the downside is reddish.

Homalomena Rubescens

Homalomena Rubescens

This plant can grow up to 100 cm in height. Large heart-shaped leaves have a solid green color and are part of large rosettes. The petioles are typically pale red. This species has several more interesting subspecies. As an example, Homalomena rubescens variegated, which has heart-shaped leaves with an unusual pattern of white and yellow spots on the leaf blade, and Homalomena rubescens variegated pink (or Homalomena ‘Pink Splash’) is very similar to Homalomena rubescens variegata, only the pattern differs in that these spots are delicate color pink.

Please note that Homalomena rubescens are considered quite rare and not easy to find.bHowever, there are many other, more affordable options. These include hybrid varieties, which differ markedly in color, pattern, shape, and size of leaves.

Homalomena Emerald Gem

Homalomena Emerald Gem

This amazing Homalomena has deep green, semi-heart-shaped leaves, and a natural sheen as if covered with wax. The ‘Emerald Gem’ has a completely tropical look and can be an exotic highlight in any room. Taking care of Homalomena ‘Emerald Gem’ is not difficult, the rules are the same as for other species. By the way, they look great not only indoors, but also on the terrace or even by the pool. Just make sure the plant is out of direct sunlight. And if you want to create the feeling of a real tropical jungle, then plant several Homalomenas ‘Emerald Gem’ flowers together.

Homalomena Red Velvet

Homalomena Red Velvet

It is a rather rare plant, and you may have to look for it well. It has no large, dark green, and red oval leaves.

Homalomena Camouflage

Homalomena Camouflage

It has large (compared to many species) leaves and unusual color of spots of all shades of green, because of which the plant is compared to a military uniform.

Homalomena Selby

Homalomena Selby

Unusual Homalomena flower, the leaves of which are decorated with delicate marks, as if they were painted by an artist. Despite its luxurious appearance, it is quite easy to care for, as Homalomena ‘Selby’ is resistant to pests and can grow well even in low light.

Homalomena Humilis

Homalomena Humilis

It is a quite rare plant and relatively new. The thick waxy leaves have an unusual varied pattern, ranging from pink to green.

Homalomena Insignis

Homalomena Insignis

This plant boasts an unusual range of coral pinks and dark greens. Like the previous subspecies, the leaves of Homalomena Insignis are thick and waxy.

Homalomena Maggie or Queen of Hearts

Homalomena Maggie

This subtype is very similar to Homalomena ‘Emerald Gem’, only its leaves are slightly lighter. Unlike the previous two, it has glossy foliage.

Homalomena Purple Sword

Homalomena Purple Sword

This is another great option for exotic lovers. Homalomena ‘Purple Sword’ has beautifully mottled leaves with purple-burgundy undersides. The leaf blades are from heart-shaped to lance-shaped, completely covered with silvery-green dots.

Homalomena Black Metallic

Homalomena Black Metallic

Perhaps this is the most unusual representative of Homalomena of all of the above. Quite a rare plant that has dark green, almost black heart-shaped leaves. Despite its unusual appearance, the plant is not picky, and is resistant to diseases, and can grow well even in shade conditions.

Homalomena Care

Temperature

Homalomena reacts negatively to low temperatures, drafts, and airing during the cold season. In the summer and spring, the optimum temperature for this perennial is 22-26 °C. In winter, the temperature should not drop below 15 °C, otherwise, this beautiful plant can lose its decorative effect.

Lighting

Homalomena Care

The plant prefers bright, but diffused light. Direct sunlight is contraindicated for it, since its leaves may turn yellow in the open sun. But in the shade, the development of the plant freezes, and its color loses its brightness.

When placed in a room, window sills on the east or west side of the house are most suitable for Homalomena. On the south window, shading would be needed at noon hours, and on the north one – additional illumination with phyto lamps.

Watering

It is advisable to choose such a watering regime in which the soil in the pot would be constantly wet, but it is highly undesirable to flood the plant. An excess of moisture in the soil can lead to its acidification, which in turn can cause the active development of various fungal diseases, in particular, rhizome and leaf rot.

Air Humidity

To create favorable conditions for the growth and development of a plant, it is necessary to provide it with increased air humidity. To do this, you can spray the plant with a spray bottle a couple of times a week and wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. Another effective way is to put any moistened material (expanded clay or pebbles can be used) in a deep pallet and put a pot with a plant on top. In winter, if the plant is kept in rather low temperatures, it is not necessary to moisturize.

The Soil

The soil is required light, with a slightly acidic reaction. You can buy a special substrate for Araceae plants at a flower shop or prepare a soil mixture yourself. Mix equal proportions of peat, leafy soil, coniferous soil, and coarse sand. At the bottom of the planting container, be sure to lay a drainage layer that protects the root system from excess moisture.

Transfer

Homalomena boasts a fast-growing root system. In this regard, the plant transplant must be carried out immediately after the roots become cramped. While the plant is young, replanting can be carried out every year, and then the frequency of these procedures can be reduced to once in 2-3 years.

Pot Selection

The size of the pot for this plant is directly related to the size of the plant. Whenever you transplant a plant, use a pot slightly larger than the previous one. But keep in mind that if it is too spacious, it can lead to the formation of many daughter rosettes, which may make the plant not very attractive. The container can be made of ceramic or plastic, its bottom should have holes for drainage.

Fertilizer

You need to feed the plant once every 2-3 months. As a fertilizer, you can use a mineral complex for decorative leafy plants. Fertilizers for Araceae are also suitable.

Propagation

This plant can be multiplied very easily. It occurs by dividing the root system and daughter rosettes. The root system of overgrown flowers is divided into several parts. Sections must be disinfected with crushed charcoal. The cuttings are seated in separate containers. When propagating by the obtained daughter rosettes, the shoots are cut off from the main root. Then they are placed in glass jars with water until their roots appear. After they are treated with a growth stimulant and planted in the soil.

The leaves of the plant are not recommended to be eaten. Due to its unpretentious growth, the plant often adorns the windowsills of offices, restaurants, and other institutions. Even though Homalomena is a little capricious, even a beginner can grow it without any problems.

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