The bromeliad plant, for a long time, wasn’t a popular plant in the houseplants department, because of its exotic and stunning look, a lot of people had the impression that they were one of those plants that require a lot of specific care and attention.
But that is actually not accurate, these plants are in reality quite capable of adapting, and growing well as houseplants. Which has made them more popular because they really are gorgeous plants. So if you are interested in growing bromeliads and want to find out about bromeliad care indoor, read on.
What Does a Bromeliad Plant Look Like?
They have a very unique appearance which is the main reason why a lot of people tend to think they are hard to care for plants, but they are actually quite low maintenance. And it is possible to find them in a wide range of textures and colors. Many of them do have bromeliad flowers but these plants are famous for being a plant with beautiful thick foliage growing in yellow, green, orange, red, and purple colors and with stripes, spots, bands, and other textures. The flower may be produced by the plant in different colors and forms depending on the variety of bromeliad. The leaves are sword-like, wide shaped, and have something like a cup in the center around which they grow.
There are different species of bromeliad some are epiphytic, which means they cling to trees and the absorption of their nutrients happens through the leaves, they don’t act as parasites the structures just serve them as perches for them to gather moisture and sun. Or they can be terrestrial, which means they grow directly in the soil. But when we talk about them growing as houseplants a well-draining, porous potting mix is usually the best soil for bromeliads to grow in.
It is possible to find bromeliad in most garden centers and plant nurseries. They will need an environment with light conditions from medium to bright when growing indoors.
People who are new to growing Bromeliads will learn that the pots for growing bromeliads don’t need to be deep and that they won’t need to use potting soils that are thick. The best pots for them to grow in are actually more shallow ones, and the best type of soil mixtures for them are the ones used for orchids, a mixture of sphagnum moss, bark, and other organic matters.
Bromeliads Care Instructions
I will write here a few things you will need to know when caring for bromeliads indoors. Caring for them is quite easy, and you won’t need to use any special tool or fertilizer.
- Fertilizer. Bromeliads are not the type of plants that need a lot of feeding. A liquid type of fertilizer can be used in the growing season, you should dilute it to 1/4 or 1/8 strength, and apply it every month or every two weeks. Mature plants shouldn’t be fed when they are flowering or in the winter.
- Water. How to water bromeliads. Bromeliad watering needs are easy to be met, and they can actually tolerate drought conditions. As I wrote before the leaves naturally form a cup shape so what you need to do is fill that cup with water and it will naturally hydrate the plant, but the cup doesn’t need to be always filled. You will need to empty out the central cup every week in order to make sure that you clean out water excess, dead insect, and other debris that may have accumulated there. But in most cases, you can just moderately water the soil each week throughout the growing season. And during the winter which is when the plants have a resting period, the watering should be reduced. Don’t leave your plant resting in still water.
- Humidity and temperature. Their tolerance for variations in temperature is relatively high, the only thing is that when the conditions are hotter their humidity need will also increase. The temperatures preferred by bromeliads are between 12 degrees to 26 degrees celsius. Although there are some varieties that are more resistant to cold which can survive in temperatures down to 6 degrees celsius, in most cases they should be protected from temperatures below 4 degrees celsius. Levels of humidity for them when growing indoors are best in percentages between 40 and 60. Depending on the climate of the area you live in your bromeliad can be moved outdoors in the summertime if you wish.
- It is also possible for you to choose to have them growing as air plants, as in nature they are growing attached to trees, you can wire them onto shells of coconuts without soil for example, or have them growing on moss, logs, and other organic materials that are not soil. Or the moisture and food they need they are able to collect through their leaves, but when growing indoors you will need to help them out a bit.
Is the Bromeliad Plant Toxic?
They are not a plant that is not considered toxic to animals or humans. But in rare cases, people may experience some irritation on the skin after coming in contact with the plants’ sap.
Varieties of Bromeliads
There are many varieties for you to choose from but here are a few you can look for: Guzmania, Vriesea, Neoregelia, and Ananas comosus.
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