Mexican plants are a separate kind of natural wonder. This colorful country with beautiful landscapes and varied terrain is home to some incredibly beautiful flowers. Mexican flowers play a key role in many national festivals, and the locals are happy to grow beautiful home gardens.
You can find Mexican plants growing all over the country, from local gardens to ornamental landscapes. Some are found in the Chihuahua and Durango mountains, while others can be found in the meadows of Western Oaxaca. It is impossible to say for sure which of the Mexican trees and shrubs or flowers is the most popular Mexican plant, although many people argue that poinsettia is the most recognizable. It is even used all over the world to celebrate the Christian season.
We have prepared for you a list of the most beautiful Mexico plants that would not leave you indifferent.
Mexican Plants List
We couldn’t help but mention the humble thorny plant that Mexico is most associated with. More than 150 varieties of cacti can be found throughout the country. These plants grow everywhere: from the city center of the capital to the endless deserts of the northern territories. One of the most popular prickly pear cactus that bears edible fruit. Along with the fruit, the cactus “pads” are also consumed.
It is a Mexican national flower that even a novice gardener can grow. In ancient times, they occupied the best places in the gardens of the rich, and today they can be admired in almost every yard. The advantage of dahlias is the ease of growing at home and a long flowering period.
These flowers of Mexico with variegated inflorescence belong to a few flowers, the color gamut of which is so wide that it would take a whole day to describe it. Dahlia’s colors range from white to black and red. Due to the rich color range, dahlias can be planted in the entire garden without being afraid of monotony. These plants are subdivided by height: from 30 centimeters to two-meter giant flowers.
It is one of the most popular flowers native to Mexico. These Hispanic flowers resemble chamomile in appearance, only it grows in the form of a bush and blooms in shades of yellow and red. Just one bush can produce over 100 flowers. It is believed to symbolize purity and loyalty.
Mexican sunflowers are prized because they can reseed themselves, even though these are only annuals. They can also withstand harsh growing conditions such as drought and poor soil.
In nature, this native-to-Mexico plant is a huge tree 5-8 meters high, but at home, you can only grow a small flowering dwarf shrub. The shrub blooms several times a year. For this to happen, you need to create all the conditions: at least 6 hours of lighting, the use of feeding for flowering plants, and sufficient moisture.
The flowers of the tree have a very pleasant aroma that combines the scent of jasmine, spices, citrus, and gardenias. Due to its exquisite aroma, the plant is often used in the creation of perfume compositions. Nature has endowed the Mexican frangipani with a magical scent only to attract insects. They pollinate the flowers, but they are left without nectar because it is absent here. Thus, a flower deceives insects by carefully copying all the signs of flowers that produce nectar.
These beautiful Mexican flowers are also known as “Mexican lianas”. It is a vine that has a strong and aggressive growth habit, to the point that it is considered invasive in some places, such as Florida. This evergreen plant grows in zones 9-11, but in other ones, it can also be grown only as an annual. In one season, it can reach up to 3 meters in length. This charming Mexican plant produces tassels with bright pink, white or red flowers. If the climate is warm enough, then it blooms all year round.
Due to its ability to grow quickly, it is a good choice to decorate an unsightly wall or fence. It would also look good growing around gazebos, arches, or trellises. This plant clings to anything within reach with its curly tendrils.
Places in full sun are preferable, but the plant can also adapt to partial shade. Coral vines can tolerate drought, but they prefer well-drained soil, which should always be slightly moist.
Our list of Mexican plants cannot fail to include this incredibly beautiful shrub. Pineapple Sage is a fragrant sage from Mexico with a fruity leaf aroma reminiscent of pineapple. It is a shrub that can reach 1.20 m in height, or even more than one meter fifty if grown in the best conditions and a favorable climate. A perennial plant with woody stems at the base forms a bunch about a meter wide.
The pale green leaves are wide and covered with fine down. Long, intense red, tubular flowers, clustered in spikes at the top of slightly purple stems, are particularly distinguished by the restrained green foliage.
Its decorative qualities make it an excellent plant. Feel free to grow it in pots to decorate your terrace and have it close at hand when cooking.
It is a beautiful evergreen perennial from the Euphorbia family. This Mexican shrub attracts attention with its bright leaves, which, like huge stars, surround the flowers. The plant blooms in winter and is often used as a cute Christmas present. It is believed that poinsettia attracts wealth and prosperity to the house.
Poinsettia is a spreading shrub. In the forests of Mexico, its height can reach 3-4 m, but indoor flowers are compact. The plant feeds on a fibrous rhizome. Poinsettia blooms in winter, with short daylight hours, and it lasts 2 to 6 weeks. The flowers are arranged in small rosettes and attract little attention. Bracts make a bright accent. Contrasting star-shaped leaf rosettes rise above the main crown. Poinsettia seeds ripen in small seed pods. After flowering, the buds and part of the leaves fall off and a dormant period begins.
Mexican marigolds appeared quite recently, but many gardeners have already fallen in love with them. Not everyone likes the smell of the usual marigolds, but the smell of this variety of flowers contains subtle notes of lemon. Mexican marigolds would be a great option for lovers of a subtle and refined aroma. The leaves of the plant are thin, their length does not exceed 8 cm, and their width is 3 cm. From the side, it seems that they were knitted by a master from fine openwork yarn. And the flowers, “scattered” around the flower garden, resemble fireworks. The stems of the plants begin to branch out at the base. Growing up, the bush takes on a spherical shape. Therefore, you would not have to work for a long time on the design of the flower bed. Plant height does not exceed 30 cm.
This tree is native to Mexico, although few have heard of it. However, outside of Mexico, it is better known as the Montezuma cypress. It has an unusually thick trunk towards the base, which can be seen even on young trees, and a wide-brimmed spreading shape. This Mexican tree grows throughout the country, but mainly extends from southern Texas to Guatemala. It can often be found in a wide range of climates, from temperate to cold. Most often, it grows on the banks of various bodies of water. The tree grows quite quickly, in good conditions it can grow up to 2 meters per year.
It is an extremely rare orchid that only grows in Oaxaca. This Mexican flower has beautiful silvery green leaves and delicate white small flowers, with pink accents. The orchid is framed by two petals that curve outward to resemble an inverted crescent. The flower usually grows directly on rocks and in rocky crevices, preferring dry conditions. Mexipedium xerophyticum requires indirect or filtered sunlight to grow.Flowers from Mexico have conquered gardeners from all over the world and are widely used at various national festivals (for example Tlaxochimoco or Day of the Dead.) It is difficult to imagine Mexico without its colorful plants that adorn every alley of this vibrant, temperamental country. But if you do not have the opportunity to visit this colorful country now, then you can create a small piece of Mexico right in your backyard by growing the above plants. Most of them grow well in our climate and are quite easy to care for.
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