What is Clematis?
The name “clematis” comes from the Greek word klema, which once meant any climbing plant. It is one of the clematis companion plants. Of the many popular names (grandfather’s curls, warthog, etc.) in Russia, “clematis” is most often used. Probably, this vine was named so because of the strong smell of dug roots or because its seeds have a curved outgrowth.
Clematis is a flowering herb, liana, or shrub from the Buttercup family. The plant is widely distributed in temperate and subtropical climates throughout the Northern Hemisphere. It is often found among rivers, in forests, and sometimes in the middle of the steppe. Among gardeners, the plant is also known as clematis. Clematis are actively used in landscape design. A huge number of varieties are distinguished by abundant and bright flowering. How fast does clematis grow? For several weeks, it is immersed in bright colors and a luxurious aroma of unusual flowering cascades. Read on for even more information such as when does clematis bloom and how long do clematis bloom?
- Botanical Name: Clematis vitalba
- Common Name: Clematis
- Plant Type: Ranunculaceae (Liana, shrub, semi-shrub)
- Size: From 50 cm to 1 m or more. For growing in an apartment, it is better to use low-growing varieties (no higher than 2.5 m), blooming on the shoots of last year. However, it should be borne in mind that even the most compact varieties reach a length of 1.8 m.
- Bloom Time: from May to September
- Flower Color: red-pink
- Hardiness Zones: from 0 to 12 (USDA)
- Native Area: Different regions of Europe and Asia.
- Toxicity: The plant contains glycoside protoanemonin, which is irritating and toxic to humans and pets.
Perennial. Indoors cultivated for about 3 years, subsequently planted in the garden. After several years of outdoor cultivation, you can start again forcing the plant into your home.
How to grow clematis the right way and where to plant clematis? These plants are generally undemanding and easy to understand how and when to plant a clematis in zone 5, but they are susceptible to too much moisture and a selection of diseases. As with all succulents, overwatering is sure to be fatal, so on the side of keeping the soil too dry rather than too wet.
Choosing a pot
You have already known how to grow clematis and it is not at all difficult to grow Clematis in a pot. Recently, clematis has gained immense popularity and every summer resident wants to grow this beauty on his site.
Growing clematis in a pot at home on a balcony or loggia is also available to city dwellers. There are only a few features to be prepared for.
The volume of the pot must be gradually increased.
How to grow clematis from seed?
If the seedling was purchased with an open root system, so if you ask how to plant clematis it is not necessary to plant it in large quantities at once. The roots will not start working immediately and there is a great risk of rotting. It is better to gently wrap the roots in a pot in a spiral.
Do you know when to plant clematis or when to plant a clematis in zone 7? If the seedling begins to actively grow and develop after planting in the spring, in the fall it can be transferred into the pot a little more. For two-year-olds, a volume of 1.5 – 2 liters is sufficient. For three-year-olds 3-5 liters, and so on.
How much sun does clematis need? In the open field, the abundance of flowering directly depends on the lighting.
There are the same varieties that I grow in full sun and partial shade. The difference in the number of colors is huge. In partial shade, the flower may turn out to be paler in color.
Therefore, your balcony should be well lit all day. On the south side, when the sun is especially active, shading is necessary. The petals may burn and the flowers will wither faster.
In the heat, if the pot is dark, the earthen lump will overheat. Better to wrap it in white paper or foil.
Among clematis planting tips about clematis growing conditions you should know: a fertile loose substrate is used. You can use compost diluted with sand and peat. Very good drainage of expanded clay shards or foam is required. A pallet is required. A mulching layer about 5 cm thick is very useful.
The soil for clematis zone 4 is composed of black soil, sand, vermiculite, and vermiculite. I add half a glass of ash, a prolonged-release mineral fertilizer, and a hydrogel to a bucket of soil mixture to retain moisture.
More intensive watering is required than when growing in the garden and clematis zone 9, as well as more frequent than other indoor plants. Pallet irrigation can be used. In the summer, the soil should be moist all the time. In winter, it is periodically moisturized, not allowing it to dry completely.
Temperature and Humidity
The optimum temperature for keeping in summer: + 21-23 ° C. It is very useful to place the plant on the balcony or take it out into the garden. For the winter, clematis is transferred to a cool, dark place (for example, to a basement or garage) and taken out to the window around January – February. It is best to place the plant on a heated balcony so that the temperature is around + 8-15 ° C, otherwise, the plant may shed its buds at a higher temperature. After their appearance, the temperature can be increased to + 18 ° C.
It is not required high, with ventilation, since with stagnant air, the development of various diseases is possible. However, during periods of extreme heat, frequent spraying is necessary.
We also add a clematis fertilizer recipe: They are fed with a complex fertilizer with a ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium 10:20:10. And when to fertilize clematis? It is quite easy- at least once a month
For forcing clematis in an apartment, seedlings grown in the garden are used. Propagated by cuttings from the middle part of the shoot in a glass with a mixture of peat and perlite at a temperature of + 25 ° C. Better to use a greenhouse or cover the cups with plastic. Also propagated by dividing the bush. Some varieties are propagated by seed.
Plants are planted in very large pots with a height of about 60-70 cm, with a diameter of at least 40-50 cm. It is good to use ceramic dishes, but plastic containers can also be used. Most often, containers are made of wood for forcing themselves, which can be sheathed with tin from the inside.
The plant needs support. Usually, it is made of two rods, which are transversely fastened together with strips or wire. Often, when the shoots reach a great length, they are fixed along the walls and ceiling. It is required to regularly cut off dried shoots.
There are three types of clematis and each has its own pruning requirements. In early-flowering clematis, which blooms on the shoots of the previous year, all dead and weak stems are removed immediately after flowering, and healthy ones at a height of about 70 cm, 0.5 cm below the leaf petioles or the base of the buds.
How to make clematis bloom?
In those blooming in late spring, remove all shoots older than 2 years, and the remaining ones are shortened at the level of the uppermost buds. For clematis that blooms from mid to late summer on old and new growth shoots, only dead shoots are removed as soon as the plant fills the entire pot.
In plants on which flowers appear at the end of summer on annual shoots, the entire shoot is cut off in the spring, leaving only the lowest pair of buds.
In the spring, clematis is spilled with milk of lime (200 g of lime per 10 liters of water per square meter). In dry weather, clematis is watered not often, but abundantly, making sure that the stream of water does not fall into the center of the bush. Сlematis hardiness zone is fed at least four times per season after irrigation with full mineral fertilizer with microelements at the rate of 20-40 g per 10 liters of water or diluted fermented mullein (1:10).
Mineral and organic dressings alternate. In summer, once a month, plants are watered with a weak solution of boric acid (1-2 g) and potassium permanganate (2-3 g per 10 liters of water), and the bushes are also sprayed with urea (0.5 tablespoons per 10 liters of water). Since clematis zone 6 can suffer from overheating and dryness of the soil, in the spring, after the first watering and loosening of the planting, they should be mulched with peat or humus (in the northern regions) or sawdust (in the southern regions).
What time of year to plant clematis to protect the soil from overheating and to close the lower part of the shoots, clematis is “knocked out” by lettuces. In the spring, only for the first time, the vines are directed along with the support in the right direction and tied up. Otherwise, the ones growing on the run will intertwine so strongly that no forces will be able to unravel them.
Only in the varieties of the Integrifolia group, shoots and leaves are deprived of the ability to twine around supports, therefore they are tied up as they grow all summer. In the fall, before sheltering for the winter, clematis bushes are cut and carefully cleaned of old leaves. The first two or three years, young specimens require especially careful care: in the fall or early spring, well-rotted manure mixed with any potash and phosphorus fertilizer, as well as wood ash (a handful of each in a bucket of humus) is added to the bushes and companion plants for clematis, liquid fertilizing is done every 10-15 days in small doses.
Pests and Diseases
The main pests of clematis are whiteflies, aphids, and spider mites. It is also affected by fungal infections.
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