Dates are a really versatile, tasty food. They can be used in so many different ways and is such a powerful natural sweetener, it is amazing. But today we’re not here to talk about dates but about the plant that makes it possible for us to have these amazing fruits in our lives. The date palm tree. What are the date palms growing zones? Trees from the palm family are growing mostly in regions with warm climates. There are a lot of them in the area of the Middle East, Mediterranean, and in other tropical and subtropical locations. Dates have a special place in the food tradition of these places. It is also possible to find date trees in warm areas in the United States. So as you can notice the climate is an important factor in the date growing process, it really requires a specific climate. There are different varieties of date trees, and some of them are able to tolerate cold a bit more, but these types rarely have fruit. So if you want to find out how to grow date palms, stick around because today we will talk about all the date palm growing conditions.
How to Plant Date Palm?
For the production of fruit, you will need to have a female and male tree. Choose a location that gets full sun, and where the soil has good drainage. Sand, clay soil and loam, are also types of ground where date palms can even grow. The date palm tree can withstand droughts, but during the fruiting and flowering time will need to get a good amount of water.
The best time to plant them is in spring or fall. You will want to dig a hole two times deeper and wider than the size of the base of the roots so that it loosens the soil. You can fill the hole at the bottom with soil so that when placed the plant will sit high and their roots are not very covered. Press the soil that is around the plant roots and give them a good amount of water so that the soil becomes compact.
When the trees are young they develop best if, for several months, there is supplemental irrigation, this will allow them to establish themselves well. In order for the date palm to grow straight up, you might need to put some stakes to direct its growth.
Taking Care of a Date Palm Tree
After you plant the date palms, what you need to do is have a good date palm tree care routine. So we’ve talked about the irrigation and offering it support, what is also important is that the soil that it is in is maintained rich so it can offer good nutrients, also it requires control of pests and diseases.
Adding manure is a great way of keeping the soil fertile, you can do that at the beginning of spring. A fertilizer that has a high amount of potassium can also be used.
Pay attention to the tree in relation to pests and diseases, so that if they arise you can deal with them quickly.
When the trees are more established, you won’t need to water them much, rarely. Date palms have a preference for dry soil, if the soil is too moist the tree’s growth can be inhibited.
Watch for weeds and turf around the tree base, you want to keep it clean from them in 1.5 m radius.
In areas where the production of fruit is possible, you will want to do some fruit thinning, which means removing fruit excess so that the quality and size of the fruits can improve. It will also make sure that there is a crop in the following year. The cluster that is ripening can be tied to a branch close to it so that they get support. Also, you can place nets on the tree so that the fruits are protected from birds.
Growing Date Palm from Seed?
Actually, palms usually have pups, or offsets, that grow off the base of the trunk. What you can do is separate the offset from the parent plant and place them in a spot that you have prepared to receive the palm pup, so it can grow on its own. Just be careful when doing the separation so that the top with leafy green is maintained and it can get roots. When dividing the baby plant from the parent use a saw for roots. In terms of care, the offsets need the same things as an adult plant. Offsets of date palm trees can take 12 years to start producing fruit. It is possible for you to leave it growing in a pot for some years but should be outdoors and transferred to the ground so you can get the best results.
How Long Does It Take for a Date Palm to Produce?
When it comes to date palm growth rate, date trees can start producing fruits at the age of 4, 5 years and will start to produce at a more full capacity when they get to 10 to 15 years of age.
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