what is a perennial flowers
Fri, Feb 12, 2021

Perennial Flower Garden

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what is a perennial flowers

What is a perennial flower? So basically there are two categories of flower types, perennial and annual. Annual plants are the ones that live for the duration of only one growing season and after that, they die, perennials on the other side are regrowing every spring. Because of this difference a lot of people prefer to plant perennials, for obvious reasons, it is just easier. You plant once and year after year it returns. If you are interested in discovering varieties of perennial flowers and plants and learn how to plant perennial flowers, read on and find out.

Perennial Flower Plants

Purple Cone Flower

perennial flower garden

If you would go back some years ago there weren’t many options of coneflower to choose from. In most cases of the echinacea varieties, they had a similar look to the native original form of the plant, which has a dark center surrounded by single pink petals. But with a lot of people creating hybrid plants, this hardy perennial flower has been gaining different versions almost every year.

Now it is possible for you to find them in colors like white, orange, raspberry, and yellow, and in varieties of double and triple flowering. In general, coneflowers grow up to 1 meter tall, start blooming in early summer, and keep on going until fall. They are also loved by butterflies and are great for cutting and making into bouquets.

Some of the varieties are Sombrero Salsa Red, Sombrero Sandy Yellow, Kim’s Knee High, and Bubblegum. Growing tip: Single flowered varieties usually have a longer life when compared to double and triple ones. When choosing the one for you make sure that the hardiness zone of the plant fits the climate in your area. There are some varieties that can survive in the winter.

Bearded Iris

perenial flowers

These are stunning perennial flowers that are sure to catch the eye in a spring garden. These beautiful perennials grow very fast and are appreciated because of their gorgeous crown-shaped flower that emerges from their graceful tall stems. The selection of colors that you can find them in is huge, you can find them with more than one color even, and in the case of a few varieties, they bloom twice giving you another blooming show in the fall.

When not in their blooming period the plant of the bearded iris shows off leaves that are sword-like that remain standing throughout the growing season. Bearded Iris does need to get a cold and dark period in order for them to bloom, so the best zones for them are 3-9. Favorite varieties include: Again and Again, Immortality, Savannah Sunset, and Goldkist.

Growing tip: In order for your bearded iris to remain in its best form, every three to four years dig them up and divide them. If you let your Iris become this one thick clump it is likely that the production of flowers will slow.

Salvia

perenial flower gardens

These are one of the most versatile perennial flowers you can find, it is also known as perennial sage. This big, beautiful bloomers, family comes in very diverse varieties, some that can survive well in colder winter and some that thrive in hotter and more humid areas.

And a bonus point for salvias is that you can find varieties that have these deep blue color flowers, this is a color that is not found so easily. For colder climates, some of the favorite varieties are Carradona, May Night, and New Dimension. In the case of warmer areas, varieties include Hot Lips, Wild Thing, and Black and Blue. Growing tip: When your salvia ceases blooming cut the plant back by one-third of its height. This will encourage them to produce another flower season in late summer.

Black-Eyed Susan

perenial flower

A great addition to your perennial flower garden, Rudbeckia, more commonly known as Black-eyed Susan, is a fun flower to grow. They keep blooming time after time their beautiful daisy-like blooms throughout the seasons from early summer until fall. Their flowers consist of a dark center surrounded by orange or yellow petals.

Most of the varieties reach a height of up to 60 centimeters and in their first year, they are blooming from seed. Native to eastern and central parts of the United States, Black-eyed Susans are naturally resistant to insects and droughts. Some classic favorites are Cherokee Sunset, Goldsturm, Fulgida, and Prairie Sun. Growing tip: Rudbeckia doesn’t survive in one spot for more than a few years always, but they tend to appear in other locations because they self-sow. When you notice new seedlings sprouting you can see where you want more color in your garden and transplant them there.

Lily

types of perennial plants

Lily is another popular member of the perennial garden flowers family. It’s true there are many different types of lilies that you can choose from, but there are two varieties that are that have the biggest popularity, they are the Oriental or Asiatic. Asiatic lilies reach, in most cases, a height of 60 to 90 cm, and each stem develops at the top usually a cluster of flowers that are like jewels. The bloom colors of most Asiatic lilies are yellow, red, orange, white, and some bicolor ones.

They are surprisingly hardy plants that thrive in zones 3-8. Asiatic lilies form each year bigger clumps because they have a tendency to spread in the garden. In the case of Oriental lilies, they reach even higher, reaching heights between 1,80 to 2 meters. They have very fragrant, pendulum-shaped flowers.

They also have the capability of spreading although they do it a bit slower in relation to Asiatic lilies. In zones, 4-8 is where Oriental lilies are most hardy. Favorite Asiatic lilies types include Sunny Borneo, Matrix, Buzzer, Golden Joy, and Sensation. Favorite Oriental lilies varieties include Farolito, Love Story, Show Winner, and Starfighter. Growing tip: Early fall is the best time to divide both lily types. Dig up the whole clump, separate the bulbs, and then replant them leaving a space of 45 to 60 centimeters between them.

Peony

types of perenial flowers

These perennial flower plants are the right choice for you if you are looking for dependable flowers. They are easy maintenance perennials. These beauties can live for many years without too much attention. There are places where there are 50-year-old peonies still growing and blooming. With nearly 1 m foliage mounds that bloom in mid-spring, peonies come in varieties with single, double, or semi-double petals formations, and a wide colors and bi-colors range.

The blooms of peonies are also very fragrant and are great for making flower bouquets for graduations and weddings, for example. All that is needed for these plants to grow well in well-draining soil and a sunny spot in the garden, they don’t do well in mucky, heavy soil. Growing tips: Zones 4-8 are the best for growing peonies because they do need to have a cold and dark period to bloom well. In these areas blooming will happen from May to June.

Caring and Growing Tips for Perennial Garden Flowers

It is great for a home landscape to have vegetation that is mature, and now you already have a list of some perennial flowers that you can choose to grow and see mature in your home creating designed borders and beds in your garden.

You may now say goodbye to the process you had with annual flowers every year. And welcome this new type of flowers that will last for a long time. Over the years and with the experience you will start to build your garden with complementing perennials that will grow, with each year passed, more and more beautiful.

One of the great things about perennial flowers is that when they start outgrowing the space you can divide them and establish them somewhere else, or even make exchanges with other friends that are into gardening.

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