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Wed, Mar 16, 2022

Growing a Bamboo Plant Indoors: The Secrets of Caring for an Exotic Plant

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bamboo plant indoor

For many centuries, tall green, woody stems of cereals have been growing in the tropics – the world-famous bamboo plants. This plant can be grown not only in the hot climate of distant Asia but also much closer – on the sunny windowsill of your own home. Today we want to tell you about the secrets of indoor care of bamboo plants, which can twist into incredible spirals. But let’s start to get acquainted with this interesting plant.

What Is a Bamboo Plant

what is bamboo plant

Bamboos are a genus of woody perennial evergreen plants belonging to the Poaceae family of true grasses. Some of its members are enormous, comprising the grass family’s biggest members by far. Bamboo is divided into 91 genera and over 1,000 species. They may be found in a wide range of temperatures, from the coldest highlands to the hottest tropical areas. Although bamboo is grass, many of the bigger bamboos resemble trees and are frequently referred to as ‘bamboo trees.’ The stems, or culms, can be a few centimeters long or 40 meters long, with diameters ranging from 1 mm to 30 cm. The stems are joined together and have regular nodes. Many bamboos are often grown as garden plants. It’s important to be aware of their propensity for intrusive behavior when cultivating them. They primarily spread by their roots and/or rhizomes, which can expand deep underground and send forth new culms to burst through the surface.

Bamboo vs Lucky Bamboo

bamboo vs lucky bamboo

You’d imagine that because it’s called lucky bamboo, it’s the same as the usual one. However, lucky bamboo is a popular houseplant that is not bamboo. The botanical name of it is Dracaena sanderiana.

There are some important distinctions between lucky bamboo and bamboo since they are not related.

Differences

Consider the following four variations in development between lucky bamboo and actual bamboo:

  • In comparison to actual bamboo, the stem of lucky bamboo seems to be fleshier.
  • Real bamboo is one of the world’s fastest-growing plants, growing up to four feet in a single day. Lucky bamboo develops in the same way as a typical houseplant does.
  • Lucky bamboo may reach a height of two to three feet. Larger bamboos may reach heights of up to 70 feet. That’s a significant difference!
  • To grow, almost all bamboo species need soil. Lucky bamboo is one of the few plants that can thrive only in water.

The good news is that lucky bamboo can withstand harsh conditions. Keep it submerged in water and out of direct sunlight to ensure a long life. As a result, it’s an excellent investment as well as a long-lasting present for friends and family.

Bamboo Plant Varieties

bamboo plant varieties

The rhizomes of the two species of bamboo characterize their growth habits:

Clumping bamboo is a well-behaved plant. Its rhizomes extend in an increasing circle while remaining near to the parent plant, resulting in a steady but sluggish expansion.

Because of its propensity of swiftly spreading its woody rhizomes out and away from the parent plant, sending its shoots up through lawns and garden beds, running bamboo has a poor reputation.

Only a strong physical barrier and some voracious pandas can stop a flowing rhizome from spreading eternally.

Varieties of Clumping Bamboo

  • Fargesia sp. – The simplest and hardiest of the bamboos, representatives of this genus range in height from 8 to 20 feet and are hardy to -10 to -20 degrees. Fargesia nitida, or blue fountain bamboo, may reach a height of 12 feet and is resistant to -20 degrees. The plant has a vase form, and the leaves are delicate and narrow. This bamboo, named for its dark purple canes that have a bloomy hue when young, requires shade and can not tolerate heat.
  • Borinda angustissima – This bamboo is a tight clumper that grows to 18 feet tall, prefers partial shade, and can withstand temperatures as low as 15 degrees. It has petite, fragile leaves, and the young canes have striking purple-red sheaths in the early summer.
  • Fargesia murieliae – The non-invasive clumping variety of umbrella bamboo, Fargesia murieliae, spreads 3 to 4 inches each year. They just do that, so it’s a fairly simple one to keep up with. It stands between 10 and 12 feet tall. It thrives in zones 4 through 9.

Running Bamboo Varieties

  • Pleioblastus viridistriatus – The leaves of this bamboo are chartreuse with a dark green stripe. These will appear lovely in the pot, but remember to treat them like tiny lions and keep them in their cage.
  • Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) is one of the most common bamboo species and is used to produce bamboo flooring. The culms, or stems, reach a diameter of 6 inches. In the correct conditions, it may reach a height of 80 feet. Zones 7–10 are hardy.

Is Bamboo Plant Good for Home

is bamboo plant good for home

The bamboo plant, which originates in Southeast Asia, is one of the most easy-to-care-for houseplants. It’s popular among people because of its benefits:

  • Bamboo is a natural air filter, which helps to keep the surroundings clean.
  • The plant is said to bring good fortune and luck to the home.
  • Bamboo plants may readily be cultivated in areas with low and indirect lighting. If given direct sunlight and pure water, the bamboo plant may live for around a decade.
  • The stems of this plant add a pleasing touch to any type of home’s décor.
  • The lucky bamboo plant is thought to provide positive energy and protection to its owners.
  • The lucky bamboo plant is thought to provide positive energy and protection to its owners.
  • When put in the east, the lucky bamboo plant draws good health for the entire family. If preserved in the southeast, it draws money and fortune.
  • Bamboo shoots provide nutritional value, which is one of the plant’s many advantages. Amino acids, fiber, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, and other nutrients abound in it.
  • Anti-inflammatory qualities are also found in the bamboo plant.
  • A bamboo tree for the house is helpful since it can be used for both ornamental and functional reasons, such as furniture. The long stems of the bamboo tree are also used to build buildings, roofing, floors, fences, pillars, and bridges, among other things.

While a lucky bamboo plant may be beneficial in a variety of ways, proper maintenance is required. The bamboo plants will bring good luck if they are placed correctly and maintained regularly.

Where to Place the Bamboo Plant in the House

  • Keep the bamboo plant in the east corner if possible. If you wish to attract money and fortune, keep the bamboo plant in the southeast zone. If you put it in this place, it is said that you will be able to overcome financial difficulties and gain success.
  • Bamboo plants should be placed in the center of the dining table to increase positive energy and bring riches.
  • Bamboo plants are also suitable for use in bedrooms. Bedrooms are the ideal spot to put a bamboo plant for the home to bring in some greenery because it takes low upkeep and little sunlight.
  • The lucky bamboo represents new beginnings, development, and family peace. Place it near the front door of your house to attract all of these good feelings.
  • Bamboo plants purify the air and eliminate contaminants from the environment. They reach a height of two to three feet and are very easy to maintain.
  • Keep the plant away from direct sunshine.

Bamboo Plant Maintenance

bamboo plant maintenance

Do Bamboo Plants Need Water

Water is a balancing act for your bamboo, as it is for many other plants. On the one hand, overwatering your bamboo is probably the worst thing you can do since it causes root rot. Your bamboo, on the other hand, requires more moisture than is often delivered by indoor air. Many people store their bamboo plants in transparent glass pots filled with stones and water, which is an appealing option as well as providing a humid micro-environment for the bamboo plant. Misting your bamboo every couple of days is another technique to ensure it gets enough hydration. You can also turn on a soft fan for a few hours a week.

Keep an eye on the roots of your bamboo plant to determine how much water it needs. Your bamboo stalks should be submerged in one to three inches of water before they develop roots. Make sure the roots are submerged in water after they have developed.

When to water the bamboo plant? Although there is a lot of diversity between species and growth circumstances, bamboo, in general, requires a lot of watering. Deep watering isn’t necessary for shallow rhizomes and roots, but they should be irrigated often, at least once a week.

Do Bamboo Plants Need Sun

Because it can handle mild shade and indirect sunshine, bamboo makes an excellent indoor plant. When exposed to intense light, though, your bamboo will expand. This doesn’t imply you should place your plant in direct sunlight, but it will live longer if it is kept in a bright setting.

Do Bamboo Plants Need Soil

As previously said, they can grow well in water, but bamboo can also grow in the soil if you so desire. Simply ensure that the soil drains effectively. Maintain a reasonable level of moisture in the soil—not wet, but not bone dry. Allowing your bamboo plant to become waterlogged is a bad idea.

Temperature and Humidity

As you might guess, lucky bamboo plants love higher temperatures, which range from 65 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Place your plant away from a draft (hot or cold). Don’t worry about raising the humidity levels in your home; your lucky bamboo plant will be OK.

Fertilizer

Most lucky bamboo plants just only a single drop of liquid fertilizer once a month, while plants cultivated in water only require feeding every other month or so with a very mild liquid fertilizer. Lucky bamboo fertilizers, on the other hand, are accessible.

Repotting a Bamboo Plant

repotting a bamboo plant

Bamboo grows rapidly, so if you see leaves that are lighter than usual, fewer new shoots, or stalks that are thin and weak, it’s time to repot it.

1. Prepare Your Area

Cover your work area with newspaper or sheeting. With your hands, loosen the dirt from the inside corners of the container, taking careful not to injure the roots. Take the bamboo out of its container. You can simply lift it out if it’s little enough. Wiggle a bigger plant out of the container a few inches at a time by tipping it on its side.

2. Get the Bamboo Plant Ready

Remove any surplus dirt from the roots of the bamboo plant. If you’re dividing the plant, ensure each section has roots and at least three culms (stalks). Depending on its size, each division should be carefully cut with clean, sharp clippers or a saw.

3. Get the New Pot Ready

Fill a potting soil mixture in the bottom third of your pot. Three parts high-quality potting soil and one part composted manure should be used. If desired, 1 part pumice can be added to help with drainage and nutrient retention. Because you want to make sure the mixture drains effectively, don’t pack it in too firmly.

4. Plant in the Bamboo

Backfill the pot with dirt and place the bamboo plant inside. Gently pat the dirt into place, but don’t compact it too firmly.

5. Promote Drainage

To help keep the soil wet and improve drainage, cover it with mulch or sphagnum moss. Give the newly potted bamboo plenty of water, but don’t let it soak. When you observe water draining from the hole at the bottom of the pot, come to a halt.

6. Place in the Proper Lighting

Place your potted bamboo in indirect yet bright light. Unless your plant is in a shaded position, morning light is preferable to afternoon light. Bamboo may be brought outside in the spring and summer in colder climes.

7. Keep an eye out for Bamboo Health

In the days following repotting, keep an eye out for fallen leaves. When adapting to a new container, most bamboo plants will shed a few leaves, but this should stop after the plant has settled in. If it doesn’t, poke your finger into the dirt to make sure you’re not overwatering. Before watering the plant again, allow the soil below the surface to virtually dry out.

How to Prune and Trim the Bamboo Plant

bamboo plant indoor care

Pruning entails both the removal of dead branches and the shape of the entire plant. Trimming is the process of removing excess growth to foster new development as the plant becomes older. When the lucky bamboo plant grows heavy at the top and has a lot of leaves, clip away side branches one inch above the root using sterilized scissors. Cut the offshoots, not the main stem, with care. Trim the lucky bamboo regularly to maintain it healthy and gradually growing. Prune any shoots that appear to be too long, too thin, or growing in strange forms. This will foster new growth while also improving its aesthetic appeal.

Bamboo Tree Problems, Pests, and Diseases

bamboo tree problems

Mealybugs and fungal diseases are two typical pests that attack bamboo. If the bamboo plant has a gray fuzz on it, it has a fungal infestation. Keep the stem and leaves dry by removing the affected region. Small white insects, mealybugs should be eliminated with rubbing alcohol or neem oil.

Brown stains on bamboo indicate that the water contains too much chlorine or that the bamboo has been exposed to too much sunshine. Keep the leaves moist and limit their exposure to sunshine. Instead of tap water, use filtered water and change the water frequently. The bamboo tree in your home should be green, according to Vastu. If you notice that bamboo turning yellow, then this may indicate a disease or lack of nutrients in the soil. Such yellow sections should be removed to prevent the disease from spreading throughout the plant.

Spider mites are small pests that spin a web on the plant and produce dark brown or black marks on the leaves. If the bamboo plant has been afflicted with spider mites, rinse it with cold water regularly. Using a mild solution of soft soap water, spray the area. Neem oil can be applied to the leaves.

Are Bamboo Plants Toxic

The true Bambusoideae species of bamboo plants are nontoxic to dogs, cats, and horses. Its foliage contains up to 22% protein, so it’s also excellent for them! But note that This only refers to true bamboo species, not imitations such as ‘Lucky Bamboo.’ Lucky Bamboo, on the other hand, can be dangerous for your pets, according to the ASPCA.

Indoor bamboo is an unpretentious evergreen exotic plant, decorative types of which will perfectly fit into any home or office interior. In-room conditions, the plant can grow for a long time, the main thing is proper care, in compliance with all recommendations and requirements. Representatives of the art of Feng Shui consider bamboo a symbol of well-being, happiness, and good luck. Be sure to try growing it at home, you’ll be surprised how easy it is!

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