Many gardeners are simply crazy about the delicate jasmine plants, not only for their incomparable appearance but also for their relatively simple care. The jasmine bush is distinguished by a lush crown, strewn with white and yellow inflorescence, and a fragrant aroma. During flowering, essential oils are released into the air, thanks to which the plant smells so pleasant. Bees and other insects willingly collect nectar from its inflorescence. Today we invite you to learn how to grow jasmine and what are the requirements of this charming plant.
What Is a Jasmine Plant
Captivating with its tropical flowers, this plant can adapt to many conditions. The majority of types have a unique scent that is heard even before the flowers are picked. What does jasmine smell like? The scent of jasmine is deep, sweet, fruity, and exotic, often described as intoxicating. The scent of jasmine may be found in a variety of products, including teas, lotions, soaps, and candles. What does the jasmine plant look like? Jasmines are twining climbers with evergreen or deciduous stems. Summer and winter-blooming varieties are available, with white, yellow, and rarely red and pink blooms. Small star-shaped blooms with a pleasant and unique aroma characterize all jasmines. The plant has glossy, brilliant green leaves and prefers sun to mild shade as well as healthy, well-drained soil. Some of them are evergreen, which means they preserve their green foliage throughout the year. While jasmine requires some care to cultivate, it is well worth it since the plant produces a profuse, beautiful display of blossoms that can brighten even the saddest of yards.
Where Does Jasmine Grow
The exact place of origin of this representative of the flora has not yet been fully identified. If the olive branch, which is a prominent member of the family, is mentioned in ancient scrolls and depicted on vases and amphorae dating back to the 2nd millennium BC, then there is no such evidence for jasmine. But China is conventionally considered the birthplace of jasmine. But such a claim remains controversial. Jasmine is also the national flower of Pakistan, India, and the Philippines. The enchanting aroma of this plant has been known throughout the world since ancient times. Until now, wreaths and garlands are woven from jasmine flowers for guests of honor, for weddings in different countries of Asia, Indonesia, and on the Pacific Islands. In Latin America, India, and Italy, the shoots and flowers of the plant are important religious attributes.
How Does Jasmine Grow
This is a quite fast-growing plant that is influenced by the climate (it will grow slower in cooler parts). Jasmine can easily climb over a trellis or a wall, creating an eye-catching ‘living screen’ appearance, or grow over pergolas and entrances, creating a beautiful frame. The plant can grow up to 8 m (26 ft) tall when trained as a climbing plant in the correct conditions, with an average spread of 1.5 m (5 ft). Therefore, a planting spacing of 1-1.5 m is advised to give it ample room to thrive. Aside from being an excellent climber, the plant may also be taught to make a very attractive low-level hedge that grows to roughly 2 feet tall. To make a hedge, the plant must be trained to produce lateral growth, which can be accomplished by pinching out the upward growing points regularly to drive development to the sides.
Now that we’ve got a closer look at this cute plant, let’s learn about jasmine growing conditions.
How to Care for the Jasmine Plant
Does the Jasmine Plant Need Sunlight
Jasmine plants may grow in partial shade or full sun, but for the best flowering results, seek a location with enough light. If the vine receives at least eight hours of sunshine every day, it will produce the most blossoms. If you opt to grow jasmine as a ground cover, and it spends a lot of time shaded by larger plants or trees, the number of flowers it produces may be reduced.
Watering the Plant
It is necessary to water the jasmine plant frequently for it to thrive. For most plants, this implies once a week. However, if your climate is very hot or dry, or if you’ve put your jasmine in a container, you may need to water it more often. Water your star jasmine when the top inch of soil is dry, and do not forget to let it dry out between watering.
Selecting the Right Soil
While star jasmine isn’t fussy about its soil, it prefers a mixture that is somewhat wet and drains well. If you’re going to plant many star jasmine plants as ground cover, make sure they’re at least 5 feet apart to minimize crowding. Additionally, the plant may flourish in a wide range of pH levels, from 6.0 to 7.0.
Temperature and Humidity
Star jasmine is a robust plant that can withstand temperatures as low as ten degrees Fahrenheit (though, generally, not for a prolonged period). Temperatures from 60 to 75 °F are ideal for growing and blooming jasmine. Furthermore, this plant prefers humid circumstances and thrives best in a medium-moisture setting.
It’s crucial to wait till your star jasmine is well established before fertilizing it. Once the roots have established, feed your star jasmine with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer intended for shrubs and trees. You should do it in early spring and again in mid-summer.
Does Jasmine Need Pruning
For the jasmine bush to be lush and fragrant, top dressing alone is not enough, it still needs to be properly looked after.
For the crown to always look well-groomed and spectacular, regular shaping pruning should be carried out. Gardeners have several secrets and rules regarding this procedure:
- formative pruning should be carried out in the spring when the shrub is in a vegetative state;
- the longest branches must be cut off completely, and the short ones are shortened by ½ part;
- for more abundant flowering, anti-aging pruning is carried out, or rather, all empty branches are removed;
- in an adult bush, the central trunk must be cut to 45–50 centimeters, while the rest are removed entirely.
Every year, it is imperative to inspect the shrub and remove damaged as well as diseased branches.
Are Jasmine Plants Toxic?
Jasmine plants are not toxic to your cats, dogs, and other pets. They are popular landscaping plants that produce aromatic blossoms. Pet owners must choose plants that are not harmful to animals with extreme caution. Because it is harmless, the jasmine plant is suitable for gardens and yards with dogs or cats.
Jasmine Plant Care in Winter
If you’re growing the plants in their zone, you’ll need to cover the roots of the jasmine with organic mulch throughout the winter. For winterizing jasmine plants, use up to 6 inches (15 cm) of straw or 3 to 4 inches (8-10 cm) of shredded hardwood. Fallen leaves make excellent winter mulch, and if you shred them to approximately the size of a quarter before placing them over the roots, they will perform much better. You can clip the stems down to 6 inches (15 cm) above the ground if they start to die back.
You must bring jasmine plants indoors to keep them during the winter if they are outside their rating zone. Growing them in pots makes it much easier to bring them inside for the winter. Even yet, the plants may lose their leaves and even die due to dry interior air and insufficient sunshine. Give the plants typical room temperatures during the day and chilly temps at night while they’re indoors. This permits them to relax throughout the winter months. Bring the plants in for a few hours each day for many weeks before the first frost to prepare them. When you first bring them in, put them in a bright, south-facing window. If you don’t have enough natural light in your house, use additional fluorescent lighting.
The bathroom, kitchen, and laundry room are the most humid areas in your home, making them ideal places for jasmine plants to spend the winter. The air will be dry if you operate your furnace a lot throughout the winter. Place the plant on a tray with stones and water, this will supply it with some more humidity. The stones’ job is to keep the pot above the water. As the water wastes, the air surrounding the plant becomes wet. A cool mist vaporizer will keep the air wet as well.
After the risk of frost has gone, the plant can be moved back outside. Before putting it outdoors overnight, feed it with liquid fertilizer and let it for a few days to adjust to the outside environment.
How to Grow Jasmine Plant
How to plant jasmine? Just dig a hole that is slightly larger than your planting container, adding grit to enhance drainage and compost to nourish the plant and boost its blossom power. Fill the pot with soil to the same level as it was at the beginning. Young plants will require a cane if you wish to train it up to support. Feeding with high-potash fertilizers once a week in the summer will keep young and existing jasmines healthy.
Growing Jasmine as a Houseplant
Jasmine kinds that are dwarf make wonderful houseplants. They need constant watering and a bright spot in the house to thrive. The outdoor plant may also be carried into the house, and the height can be easily controlled during the dormant season by cutting or pinching. Because potted plants do not have access to additional nutrients, they must be fertilized twice a year. To avoid spots on the glossy leaves, keep an eye out for pests and water from the bottom. In late spring-early summer, your jasmine plant will bloom. If necessary, repot it before the blooming season in early spring.
Jasmine Plant Leaves Turning Yellow
Unfortunately, many gardeners are faced with this unpleasant phenomenon. Well, the culprits can be both pests and care errors. Before moving on to more difficult troubleshooting, rule out an insect infestation. If you see an infestation, use insecticidal soap or horticultural oil to kill the bugs.
It may seem counterintuitive, but jasmine plants can get yellow leaves from both too much and too little water. Jasmine thrives on soil that is rich in organic matter and well-drained. The soil could be wet, but a slightly dry one is preferred over soggy, saturated soil, which can harm the plant as well as create yellow foliage. Poor soil conditions can also cause yellowing jasmine leaves. Despite its forgiving nature, jasmine favors acidic soil. This imbalance might result in yellow leaves if your soil is very alkaline. A sulfur treatment or the addition of woody organic matter can assist to balance the pH, but you should get your soil tested before making any changes.
To prevent yellowing of the leaves on your plant, follow our jasmine plant growing tips above!
Jasmine is easy to grow with proper care, and as a reward for your efforts, it will give you luxurious white flowers and an incomparable aroma. The shrub grows rapidly, so planting perennials near it is not recommended: it will darken them. From annual plants, you can plant whatever you like. It should also be remembered that indoor and garden jasmine are different cultures, and each of them requires special care.
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