persimmon plant
Mon, Feb 14, 2022

Persimmon Plant Growing Guide: Grow Tasty and Healthy Fruits in Your Backyard

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Persimmon Plant Growing Guide: Grow Tasty and Healthy Fruits in Your Backyard Article Preview

Growing various fruit plants at home is not something new and completely unusual, so those who like this activity can learn how to grow persimmon plants at home.

One has only to remember one thing – persimmon is a rather capricious plant that needs daily and painstaking care. Therefore, if you decide to grow it at home, be patient as much as possible.

persimmon plant

Botanical Description of the Plant

Well, what does a persimmon tree look like? Persimmon is a sprawling tree with thin, often twisted trunks, a wide ragged crown. In regions with cold winters, due to freezing, it often grows as a shrub. Height – from 6 to 10 m, but there are specimens above 20 m. Outwardly, an adult culture resembles an apple tree. The bark is dark gray, with cracks. Lateral shoots are densely branched, located at a large angle to the trunk. The leaves are simple, alternate, leathery, oblong-oval, with pointed tips, up to 15 cm in size. The upper part of the plates is dark green, the lower part is lighter, the surface with pronounced pinnate veins.

Persimmons are dioecious plants. Only a few species combine characters of both sexes on the same tree. Persimmon tree flowers are axillary, inconspicuous, small, with four-lobed calyces and bell-shaped greenish-white or yellowish corollas. In female specimens, they are located singly, in male specimens they are collected in rare brushes. Flowering begins in early April or May, and continues until June. Plants are pollinated by insects. In some cases, fruiting ovaries on female specimens appear without pollination. They differ from ordinary ones in the absence of seeds.

The fruits are juicy, fleshy berries of an ovoid, spherical, or flattened shape, covered with thin skin, smooth or velvety. Ripe persimmon has a bright orange, reddish, brown, or brown color, sometimes the surface with contrasting speckles. The seeds are located in the center, in the thickness of the pulp. One copy contains 1-10 pieces. Fruit size – from 2 to 12 cm, and in appearance they resemble tomatoes. Full ripeness is reached in late autumn when the sugary pulp becomes soft. For their delicate texture and sweet taste, persimmons are often called date plums.

Be patient and apply a thick layer of organic mulch around the base of your persimmon trees. Persimmon trees that are started from seed might take up to three years to develop fruit. It is well worth the wait.

How to Care for a Persimmon TreeWhere Do Persimmons Grow

growing persimmons from seed

From Florida through Connecticut, west to Iowa, and south to Texas, the American persimmon, sometimes known as the common persimmon, is native. USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 9 are suitable for persimmon trees.

Types of Persimmons and Climate Where You Live

Asian persimmons (also Oriental or Japanese persimmons), American persimmons, and hybrids of American and Asian persimmons are the three varieties of persimmons. In moderate winter climates, Zones 7 to 10, Asian persimmons can be cultivated. Zones 5 through 9 are suitable for growing American persimmons in both cold and moderate winter climates. In the same areas as American persimmons, hybrids can be cultivated. So that your persimmon trees can survive winter, choose varieties based on your local winter temperatures.

Persimmons are also classified into two classes based on their flavor. There are astringent persimmons and ones that are not. This is a crucial distinction to make. Astringent taste is a flavor of dryness, with a dry or chalky mouth experience; astringent fruit makes the mouth pucker. Tannins in the fruit’s rind provide an astringent flavor, which causes the mouth’s mucous membranes to constrict or pucker, resulting in a dry mouthfeel. When ripe, some persimmons have an astringent flavor, while others do not. When selecting a persimmon, keep taste and flavor in mind.

Asian or Oriental persimmons have a honey-sweet flavor and a smooth, soft texture. They are typically non-astringent, although not entirely (but some are). Asian persimmons are similar to apples in that they may be eaten by hand. Oriental persimmons are bigger than American persimmons, measuring 3 to 4 inches in diameter. Asian persimmons reach a height of 25 to 30 feet and a spread of 25 feet. They thrive in Zones 7 to 10. In the fall, the leaves of Asian persimmons turn a brilliant orange or golden color. After the leaves have fallen, the fruit hangs from the tree in late autumn. It’s worth noting that certain Asian persimmons are astringent, albeit not as much as American persimmons. Non-astringent Asian persimmons are best in Zones 9 and 10, whereas astringent Asian persimmons are better in Zones 7 and 8. Astringent Asian persimmons may be better suited to Zones 7 and 8.

Unless completely ripe, American persimmons (D. virginiana) have a strong taste and are astringent (the mouthfeel is dry). After the tree has been damaged by frost, American persimmons lose part of their astringent flavor. Ripe fruit has a deep, sweet flavor and can be quite tender. Persimmons grown in the United States are hardier than those grown in Asia, and they may be grown in zones 5 to 9. The fruit is smaller than Asian persimmons, with a diameter of 1 to 2 inches. Persimmon trees in the United States are bigger than those in Asia, reaching 30-40 feet tall. In the fall, the leaves become yellow.

Hardy like American persimmons, hybrid persimmons (crosses between Asian and American types) have bigger fruit (2 to 3 inches in diameter). When fully mature, they are sweet and delicious.

Persimmons come in a variety of cultivars, including Asian, American, and hybrid varieties. Take a good look at the grower’s description of the persimmon variety you’re thinking about. Some cultivars may differ from the overall description of the persimmon type with which they are associated. Make sure you select a persimmon that is appropriate for your environment. Grow non-astringent Asian persimmons in mild winter locations, astringent Asian persimmons in moderate-to-cool summer regions, and American and hybrid persimmons in cold winter regions, according to a fast rule of thumb.

Now that we got to know this plant better and decided on a variety, let’s finally find out how to grow a persimmon tree.

How to Grow a Persimmon Tree

how to grow a persimmon tree

To start growing persimmons from seed, use a persimmon that is fully ripe and free of blemishes. Remove the seeds and soak them for three days in warm water. After they’ve soaked, rinse them thoroughly under running water to remove any remaining flesh.

After the seeds have been soaked and cleaned, they must be coldly stratified for a length of time. This procedure stimulates the overwintering required for sprouting. Place your seeds in a glass jar after wrapping them with a damp paper towel. Refrigerate the jar for about 3 months, spritzing the paper towel as it starts to dry up.

Plant one seed in a tall, plastic container with drainage holes when the cold stratification procedure is complete. Because persimmon trees establish their long taproot early, the container must be tall. The seed should be sown 2″ deep in sterile potting soil and kept in a sunny setting with a temperature of at least 70 °F. Plant many seeds for the best chance of success because persimmon seeds only germinate 25-35 percent of the time. Persimmon seedlings should appear around 6-8 weeks.

Persimmon seedlings should be placed in bright, indirect sunshine with uniformly wet soil. Move your potted persimmons to a protected spot outside once the threat of frost has gone. Over two weeks, gently move them to a location with more sunshine to harden them. Persimmons don’t like damp circumstances, so let it dry out between watering.

How to Plant a Persimmon Tree

persimmon tree flowers

After a complete growing season, it is time to plant your persimmon from seeds into your homestead orchard. It is easiest for the transplant if it is performed in October or early November, following heavy rain. Make sure you have adequate room to allow your persimmons to thrive and generate a large crop.

Watering

The tree does not tolerate prolonged drought – it reacts by falling fruits that have not had time to ripen. The best thing to offer persimmons is frequent abundant watering, but without flooding, so that the roots do not rot. In summer, the plant needs more moisture. Daily spraying in the morning or evening will help, as well as placing water containers near the trunk. When fertilizing persimmons in summer, the soil must be moistened before and after the procedure.

Mulching and Loosening

To avoid the formation of a crust, loosen seedling beds and the ground beneath a mature tree regularly. The crust causes gas exchange to be disrupted, resulting in root system damage. It’s worth mulching the soil in the trunk circle to save time watering and loosening. Straw, hay, and other organic resources are utilized for this. Organic mulch will keep the soil wet and loose, as well as protect it from weeds and act as a natural fertilizer for persimmons.

Pruning

The correct shape of the crown is maintained through annual pruning. This is a very important event, which also affects fruiting since persimmon bears fruit only on new branches. Trimming pattern:

In the first year, the seedling is cut at a height of up to 32 inches, leaving side shoots.

After 2 years, the skeletal branches are shortened to 16 inches.

Each next pruning is aimed at creating a lush crown by shortening the branches. Too long branches are fragile and break under the weight of the crop.

An obligatory stage of care is sanitary pruning in the spring, during which frozen, damaged, and dried branches are removed.

Top Dressing

The combined use of mineral and organic fertilizers will help to significantly increase the yield. If planting is planned for autumn, fertilizers are not put in the pit, since excess nitrogen stimulates the growth of greenery, which will not have time to ripen before winter. Because of this, frost resistance will drop to a critical level.

During the season, persimmons are fertilized several times. Main stages:

  • in the spring, from the moment the buds open, nitrogen is introduced;
  • choosing how to feed the persimmon in the summer after flowering, they focus on potash and phosphorus mixtures;
  • in autumn, after harvesting, phosphorus and potassium are used, as they increase the frost resistance of the crop

Experienced gardeners recommend the use of liquid top dressing. Plants are fed with a weak solution of mineral fertilizers throughout the growing season every 2 weeks until the persimmon ripens.

How Fast Do Persimmons Grow

where do persimmons grow

In moist to dry soil, the common persimmon grows at a moderate rate of around 24 inches each year. In the fall, its modest blossoms produce a profusion of medium-sized orange fruit.

Useful Use of Persimmon

Persimmon contains many vitamins (C, PP, E, A), as well as a large number of trace elements (phosphorus, potassium, copper, iodine, iron, calcium). Which in turn helps with beriberi, scurvy, and increases the number of red blood cells.

Can Persimmons Make You Sick

When consumed in moderation, persimmon has no major adverse effects. Certain people may be allergic to persimmons and have symptoms such as upset stomach, nausea, or, in extreme cases, anaphylactic shock, and should avoid eating them.

When ripe persimmons are sliced ​​and eaten like a melon, they make a delightful breakfast dish or snack. Persimmons can also be sliced ​​and added to salads or compotes in the winter. Cookies, ice cream, sorbets, steamed puddings, and fast bread may all be made with them. Growing persimmon trees is not as complicated as it might seem at first glance. They tolerate a wide range of soils as long as drainage is adequate, and they are rarely affected by pests or diseases. Well, juicy and sweet fruits will be a great reward for all your efforts!

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