The gardener always has hydrogen peroxide in his stock. This simple and cheap tool can not only treat your own wounds but also use it purely for plant growing purposes. However, there are certain points related to the concentration of the active substance. And if for processing a cut 3% peroxide is the best option, then for widespread use in the garden, stronger is required
You can ask: will hydrogen peroxide kill plants or is hydrogen peroxide good for plants and for their growth? The answer will be as follows: did you know that hydrogen peroxide for plants is popular all over the world, for example, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency, farmers use hydrogen peroxide as an agricultural pesticide in a wide range of fields from disease control to pest control. In addition, it gives impetus at any time during the crop growth cycle, in other words, it works as a stimulant.
Hydrogen peroxide: history of appearance, properties
The discoverer of hydrogen peroxide is considered Louis Jacques Thénard, who obtained it as a result of the action of sulfuric acid on barium peroxide. It happened in 1818 in France. After 55 years, peroxide production began in Germany. In the last decade, the annual volume of industrial production of hydrogen peroxide worldwide has been more than 1 million tons.
Hydrogen peroxide (the simplest form of peroxides) is the scientific name for peroxide. In terms of its chemical formula, it is similar to water:
- Hydrogen peroxide – H2O2.
- Water – H2O.
Hydrogen peroxide and water are composed of hydrogen and oxygen, but peroxide has an “extra” oxygen atom, which is easily lost, acting as an oxidizer and aerator.
In its pure form, it is a transparent liquid with the following properties:
- Color, taste, smell are absent.
- 1.5 times heavier than water.
- Excellent solvent.
- Dissolves with water, alcohol, ether.
- Freezes at -0.50C.
- Boils at + 670C.
- Decomposes on exposure to light, heat, and alkali.
- Non-toxic, but in high concentration causes burns to the mucous membrane, skin or respiratory tract.
- The concentrated solution is explosive.
Effect of hydrogen peroxide on horticultural crops
Hydrogen peroxide is becoming more and more widespread in the garden, whether in the garden. In the 21st century, it turns into a kind of panacea for plants. At garden forums, heated discussions of supporters and opponents of the use of hydrogen peroxide flare-ups.
Gardeners and gardeners highlight the positive effects of hydrogen peroxide foliar spray:
- The use of peroxide saturates the soil with oxygen.
- Adding h2o2 for plants to tap water removes chlorine, making the water healthier for plants.
- Disinfection of soil, greenhouses, and garden tools significantly reduces the risk of fungal diseases.
- Watering and spraying plants help to protect flowers and vegetables from death and wilting caused by fungal diseases.
Not only personal observations of many gardeners but also studies of American scientists show that pre-sowing treatment of seeds and watering seedlings with hydrogen peroxide fungicide have a beneficial effect on the development of crops, stimulating their growth.
Thus, hydrogen peroxide is a kind of natural soil aerator, fungicide, pesticide.
What is top dressing for?
Everyone who has indoor plants knows that sooner or later there comes a period when the “pets” stop blooming and growing. Fading into development is not yet the worst thing, because it happens that the flower begins to die.
Of course, first of all, you need to check the plant for the presence of parasites and diseases and pay attention to the correct watering. If all of the above does not apply to the fading of flowering, then it becomes clear that the flower lacks nutrients.
This means that you need to start feeding him with them.
Disinfection of greenhouses, containers for plants, tools
The use of hydrogen peroxide and plants in the garden and garden of vegetables begins with the treatment of greenhouses, planting containers, tools. In this case, the ability of hydrogen peroxide to act on bacteria, viruses, and pathogenic fungi is used. This is especially important if the greenhouse, containers, and tools have already been in use.
For disinfection, hydrogen peroxide (6-9%) is mixed with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
Containers and gardening tools are thoroughly rinsed with the resulting solution and then rinsed with clean water. The inner and outer surfaces of the greenhouse (doors, windows, ceiling, walls, floor) are treated with the same solution, especially in hard-to-reach places, since it is there that the accumulation of harmful microorganisms occurs.
An additional advantage with such processing is the ability of hydrogen peroxide to form a large amount of foam when interacting with putrefactive elements – this makes it possible to soften and separate from the surface infected pieces of soil and plant residues, which are then more easily washed off with water.
For an annual abundant healthy harvest, gardeners are advised to adhere to crop rotation, and if there is such an opportunity, then completely replace the soil in the beds in the open field and in greenhouses.
Such an opportunity is not always available, and it is associated with financial and labor costs. In this case, hydrogen peroxide comes to the aid of gardeners: in the garden and vegetable garden, the soil should be disinfected immediately after harvest in order to protect the soil, treating root rot with hydrogen peroxide and minimize the harm of pathogens remaining in the soil that adversely affect cultivated plants.
For this purpose, the following composition is used: 4-5 tablespoons of substance per 1 liter of water sterilizing soil with hydrogen peroxide.
How to sterilize soil with hydrogen peroxide? You probably knew it is especially important to disinfect the soil that will be used as a hydrogen peroxide soil drench and hydrogen peroxide for root rot. The prepared soil is carefully spilled with a 3-6% peroxide solution, covered with a film. This treatment even destroys the eggs of the worms.
Disinfection of seeds, acceleration of their germination
The use of hydrogen peroxide in the garden and vegetable garden is of great importance in the pre-sowing and sowing period. Seeds must be disinfected prior to germination to kill pathogens as well as inhibitors that inhibit germination.
Processing allows you to soften the seed coat, accelerate their germination, and achieve the full development of seedlings. This can be done in the following ways:
Put in a peroxide solution for 5 minutes (30 drops of 3% peroxide solution per 1 glass of water), then rinse thoroughly.
For a period of 12 to 24 hours, soak the seeds of long-term non-germinating crops in 0.4% peroxide solution, then dry the seeds thoroughly.
Moisten freshly sown seeds with a spray bottle with 1% peroxide solution.
In the latter case, not only oxidation of the inhibitor occurs, but also the disinfection of the container.
Peroxide and plants
There are many ways to feed pets, including egg water, honey, sugar, and of course hydrogen peroxide for house plants. Is it possible to water flowers with peroxide? Not just possible, but even necessary.
After all, it is the peroxide that will help solve problems such as:
- Getting rid of harmful bacteria that prevent them from developing and blooming;
- Significantly accelerate flowering;
- Prevent pet root rot
- Hydrogen peroxide for powdery mildew
The main thing is, before starting the fertilization process, you must not forget to get rid of withered and dry leaves, rotten flowers and loosen the ground.
If the plant is damaged, peroxide is an excellent disinfectant.
Use as fertilizer
How much hydrogen peroxide for plant fertilization is used? The peroxide will give the flowers all the necessary trace elements, and when you add another product, oversaturation can occur, and you can simply spoil the flower.
The only thing that definitely won’t hurt is adding sugar to the water for irrigation.
Watering plants with hydrogen peroxide
What do we usually water flowers with? With tap water that has settled. But all flowers, and even indoor ones, are very fond of rainwater. Rainwater is essential for any plant to grow properly. But how to achieve this effect at home? This is where the peroxide to water ratio for plants will help. This requires 2 tablespoons of hydrogen peroxide and 1 liter of water. Stir well and you can start a course of feeding your plants with peroxide. You need to water with such a solution once every five days (in no case more often!), And you can also spray the plants with it. For daily watering, add just a few drops of peroxide to one liter of water.
Growth stimulator and plant protection
Peroxide is found in rainwater, a natural phenomenon called natural purification. After the rain, plants and trees begin to bloom better, grow more actively, and somehow miraculously heal. But there is no miracle here, Mother Nature knows exactly what her children need. After all, whole fields of wildflowers grow without industrial fertilizers, and they bloom better than the exact same ones in captivity, and with a thousand special dressings. Peroxide copes with this task perfectly.
As much as possible (in its composition) it is close to rainwater, therefore, literally after a couple of watering and/or spraying, you will see how much your indoor plants have changed.
The use of peroxide in floriculture
Peroxide helps not only indoor plants but is generally used quite extensively in floriculture, like in 3% hydrogen peroxide root rot.
Seeds germinate well if they are soaked in hydrogen peroxide solution. As in the case of indoor flowers, peroxide perfectly disinfects seeds and allows them to grow faster, and guarantees excellent flowering.
Usually, the seeds are soaked for twelve hours, and if it comes to those plants that have a natural difficulty in germinating, then for 24 hours;
- Peroxide treatment is excellent for treating seedlings – both for watering and for irrigation;
- Well, what we have already said above – peroxide will return to life a plant that, it would seem, has already died, this rule applies to hydrogen peroxide garden and indoor “pets”;
- Hydrogen peroxide pesticide together with a small amount of alcohol will perfectly help free from insects;
- This solution will help protect against hydrogen peroxide spider mites.
Which peroxide is best for herbal use
Similar in chemical structure to water, H2O, hydrogen peroxide – H2O2 – differs by two oxygen atoms instead of one. And this extra oxygen molecule is responsible for improving the germination and further development of your plants.
The action can be compared to an oxygen-rich thunderstorm, after which the whole green kingdom starts to grow rapidly. It also happens in this case – simple home chemistry mimics a natural process.
Regular hydrogen peroxide, which can be found in drugstores, contains only 3 percent H2O2, while the best option for gardening is food-grade hydrogen peroxide 35 percent (which is what American farmers use). Peroxide in a concentration of 35% is more beneficial for plants and when diluted with water, the composition is more effective.
Be careful! Observe the dosage of hydrogen peroxide to water ratio for plants. While you can safely use 3 percent hydrogen peroxide on wounds, higher concentrations can be very aggressive and cause skin bleaching and burns. Even inhaling undiluted hydrogen peroxide vapor is dangerous, so mix the formulations in a well-ventilated area or outdoors, wearing a mask and gloves. Rubber gloves are recommended as normal garden gloves are not waterproof.
NEVER try to heat or boil hydrogen peroxide as it is a very unstable compound that can explode when exposed to heat.
Store in a cool, dark place, away from direct sunlight or other heat sources. Like all garden chemicals, 35% hydrogen peroxide should be in an airtight container.
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