How to water plants? One of the most common mistakes made by indoor plant lovers is improper watering. It is for this reason that green plants often get sick and die. When purchasing them in a store, do not forget to clarify the conditions for keeping a particular type of plant. In extreme cases, if you are often absent from home, work a lot or regularly go on business trips, and there is no one besides you to water the plants, it is better to opt for the most unpretentious specimens.
How Often Should Flowers be Watered?
How often should flowers be watered in order for them to be able to provide active growth of the root system and deciduous mass? Plants will suffer if the roots receive too little water. On the other hand, over-watering is the main cause of the death of indoor plants.
Unfortunately, there is no simple answer to the question of watering pants correctly or how often to water flowers, but there are a number of guidelines. Never guess, just find the watering requirements for your plant. Unfortunately, the correct interval between watering is not easy to determine – it can range from one day to several months. The required watering frequency depends on the plant, pot size, type of compost, season, indoor conditions, etc. Watering once a week may be satisfactory for a limited range of ornamental-leaved plants, but in this case, you will have to extend this interval in winter. The best way is to find out how the plant makes it clear when it needs watering.
Plant Watering Requirements
How much to water plants?
- Excessive watering – while there should be a lot of moisture in the soil. Few plants need this amount of water. These include, for example, cyperus, calamus, azalea.
- Abundant watering – you need to constantly keep the soil moist, but the water should not stagnate. Most of the ornamental indoor plants belong to this group. Water plants indoors gently, little by little, as the soil dries. Need such watering: alocasia, begonia, heliotrope, calathea, lemon, oleander, ivy.
- Moderate watering – before the next watering, you need to let the soil in the pot dry slightly for a couple of centimeters in the top layer. This group includes mainly ornamental-leaved plants.
Often this means abundant watering from spring to autumn and moderate watering in winter. From late autumn to mid-spring, during the dormant period, it is important to let the soil dry out between watering. All the above applies to plants: aglaonema, aspidistra, dracaena, clivia, columnea, monstera, palms, syngonium.
- Rare watering – keep the plant fairly dry and water only during the growing season. Allow the soil to dry completely before watering again. Indoor plants of rare watering: hippeastrum, gloxinia, zygocactus, caladium, crinum, epiphyllum, philodendron. Do not forget that cacti hardly need watering in winter.
Important Rules for Watering Plants
- Any plant needs good drainage so that the roots are not constantly in the water.
- When to water plants? Water the plants in the evening during the warm season, and in the morning during the cold season.
- Do not use tap water, as lime in its composition can harm the plant. Well-settled and filtered water is better.
- Before watering, check how dry the soil is to make sure the plant really needs water at the moment.
- Should you water the leaves of a plant? Plants whose leaves do not like water should be watered in a tray. For example, saint paulia, gloxinia, cyclamen.
- If the leaves, on the other hand, tolerate water well, do not forget to spray the plants. This keeps them clean and additionally humidifies the air.
- Do not spray plants if they are in direct sunlight. Green pets can get burns – the drops in this case focus the sun’s rays like magnifying glasses.
- If water is poured out of the pot when watering, almost not being absorbed into the soil, then the earth has dried up. You should submerge the potted plant in a container of water up to the soil level.
- Loosen the crust of the earth if water does not pass through the topsoil. Then submerge the pot in a container of water up to the soil level.
- Remember that a plant’s watering requirement increases with increasing temperature and light intensity.
- Plants in ceramic pots should be watered more often than in plastic ones.
Choosing Water for Plants
How to bottom water plants? Watering pot plants is best done with soft rainwater. Hard water (including from a well) containing various salts should be avoided. Aroids, azaleas, orchids, ferns, and camellias are especially hard to tolerate in hard water. Watering with hard water is well tolerated by those plants that grow on calcareous soils. Collecting rainwater is difficult and can be replaced with filtered or boiled water. The settled water is devoid of chlorine (it evaporates in a day or two), but not salts, so it can be used if it is soft enough.
The water temperature must be at least at room temperature. This rule is especially important when watering tropical plants. Watering plants with cold water can cause root rot, bud fall, and even plant death. On the contrary, watering plants with warm water in a cold room is also undesirable, because this will lead to premature plant growth. Watering with hot water, and this is also practiced, stimulates the growth of plants. Hot means a temperature not higher than 45-50 degrees.
Sometimes, after watering, water seeps through the soil mixture and flows into the sump. In no case should it be left in the pallet. Approximately half an hour after watering, look through all the pots and discard where excess water has accumulated after watering. If you leave this water in a pan, then the soil in the pot will remain wet for a long time and sour, air will not get into the ground, the roots of the plant may suffocate. Soon, dark brown spots may appear on the leaves, and this can already lead to the death of the plant.
But if the water after watering has leaked into the pan, this is a good sign: it means that the earthen lump is completely wetted, and the drainage in the pot is good.
How often to water houseplants? Lack and excess water are often reflected in the appearance of the plant.
- With a lack of water: the leaves are drooping, grow poorly, the edges of the lower leaves are brown and dry, the flowers quickly wither and fall off.
- With an excess of water: leaves with signs of rot, fall off, the lower leaves are yellowed with brown tips, mold is possible on the flowers, and the roots are sour.
Watering the Plants While You Are Away
Leaving on vacation and do not know how to provide indoor plants with enough moisture while no one is at home? There are several ways to accomplish this.
- Use woolen thread or braid as a wick to bring water into the pot. To do this, stick one end into the ground, and lower the other into a vessel with water, which should stand above the level of the pot.
- Make a mini greenhouse. Pour any pebbles into a transparent large bag, place a pot with a plant on them, water it well, and tie the bag on top.
- Place the plants in a plastic container with damp newspapers or napkins on the bottom. Place damp paper between the pots as well. Instead of damp paper, you can just pour some water, but this method is not suitable for all plants.
- Dig a plastic bottle with the neck down a few centimeters into the pot with the plant, ensuring its stability. First, make small holes on both sides of the bottle, in the cork and at the bottom, and fill it with water. Water will flow into the ground drop by drop. It is called bottom watering.
May your plants be healthy and beautiful!
- Our article was helpful for you, green finger? Great and how exactly?
- You didn't like it? But why this happened?