Have you been hearing about drip irrigation, and are now wondering what does drip irrigation mean? Well, there are different types of irrigation systems, that are suited for different conditions, situations. One of them is the drip irrigation system. What is the drip irrigation system definition? As the name already implies consists of the application of water and fertilizer in small amounts and in a uniform way over a certain area. So if you’re interested in getting more drip irrigation information read on to find out.
How does drip irrigation work? This system works by delivering the water, and fertilizer directly to the root zone of the crop by doing this eliminates the occurrence of evaporation, runoff, and drift of the water. This process happens through pipes that are spread across the field, these are called ‘dripper lines’ and in them, there are smaller units that are called ‘drippers’. Drops that contain water and fertilizer are emitted by each dripper, the result of this is a more uniform application of nutrients and water to each of the plant roots zones, all over the field. A drip irrigation system, with the proper design and management, offers producers the most uniform and efficient application available, while also saving them water, energy, and time while allowing them to achieve higher yielding. So this is basically the definition of drip irrigation technology.
Why Is Drip Irrigation Used?
The reason for drip irrigation to be preferred but most farmers is very simple, it can deliver the greatest ROI when compared to other methods of irrigation, while also giving a simple and efficient way of operating their farms to the farmers.
Using drip irrigation means that:
- You get more consistent and higher quality yields.
- The water savings are huge because you don’t have run off, evaporation and waste.
- You are able to bring the standard of the utilization of land to 100% – the drip system is able to uniformly irrigate any soil and topography type.
- Energy savings: it requires low water pressure to work.
- More efficiency in the use of crop protection and fertilizer, by this avoiding leaching.
- More independence from the factor of weather means you will be able to achieve a higher stability and lower risks.
Why Is This System Better for the Plants?
In this sense plants are very similar to people, a balanced way is the best way to get water and nutrients. You don’t eat your monthly intake of food in one day, so plants also don’t like that also. This is why drip irrigation is best for the plants because it does the application of water and nutrients in frequent, small doses, this ensures optimal conditions for growth which results in the highest yield results possible.
Reasons why drip irrigation makes plants more productive:
- It makes water and nutrients more available for them.
- The dosage of water and nutrients can be adjusted to fit the development needs of different plants.
- Allows good aeration of the soil and avoids saturation.
- Avoids high salinity levels that are caused by the excessive application of fertilizers.
- The foliage won’t get wet this avoids the occurrence of fungal diseases.
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