Add even more life and beauty to your garden by introducing plants and flowers that attract butterflies. There are certain butterfly-friendly plants that attract butterflies, they are easy to care for, and attractive to the garden. It is important to also include host plants that provide a home for butterfly larvae (caterpillars) and nectar plants that provide food for butterflies. How to make a butterfly garden?
Butterflies like bright flowers and nectar, so you need to choose the appropriate butterfly garden flowers. The hit is the buddleya, also known as butterfly bush, which means “butterfly bush”. The flowers of the shrub have a strong honey odor, which attracts insects. The same properties are possessed by euphorbia, asters, echinacea, and zinnia.
A flower “owner” is also needed on the site. On it, butterflies will lay larvae. It will also feed the caterpillars. Clovers, violets, senna are suitable for this. But, if you want to attract specific types of butterflies, then you need to take into account that each of them prefers a certain plant. The caterpillar of the monarch butterfly feeds on cotton wool, and white butterflies feed on cabbage.
To attract butterflies, you need to follow a few simple guidelines for planting them in order to organize the perfect spot for them in your garden. Knowledge of the characteristics of these beautiful insects is also important. So how to make a butterfly garden?
How to Attract Butterflies to the Garden? Butterfly Garden Tips
To create a butterfly garden, choose a location that is calm and receives six or more hours of direct sunlight daily. Most garden plants like butterflies need bright sunlight, and the insects themselves are sun lovers. Better if the shade in the “butterfly garden” will be only in the afternoon.
To attract butterflies to your garden, try to group plants that are attractive to them in different parts of the garden. This will provide a variety of places where butterflies can eat. If you are creating a new garden or looking for suitable corners in an existing one, choose a location that has a good view from your porch, terrace, or window. So you can enjoy the vibrant colors and habits of the butterflies that visit you.
Group three or more species of flowers that draw butterflies together to create a variety of flower gardens. Butterflies will notice a group of bright butterfly flowers of a similar color faster than a variegated or pale one. If you are arranging a flower garden along with a fixed object such as a wall, remember to place tall and low plants so that they do not block each other and are attractive to butterflies: tall ones against the wall, low ones in the foreground, medium-sized ones in the middle. What flowers do butterflies like? Some butterflies are attracted by forest and meadow flowers; for such species, wild meadow-style flower beds that are currently relevant will be optimal.
What to Plant for Butterflies?
The nectar and pollen of flowering butterfly plants provide food for butterflies. Sometimes butterflies are selective in their choice, therefore, in order to attract butterflies to the garden, it is necessary to plant a wide variety of flowers of different flowering periods, so that the delicacy in the form of nectar and pollen in the “butterfly garden” is from spring to autumn. Can you imagine how to plant a butterfly garden?
Creating a butterfly garden and choosing butterfly garden plants, give preference to mellifluous and aromatic crops, as well as – with the bright color of petals and simple flowers or umbrella inflorescence: located on a flat surface, butterflies find it easier to get nectar and pollen.
The List of Flowers That Attract Butterflies
- Valerian ordinary
- Echinacea purpurea
- Small petals
- Chrysanthemum large-flowered
- Lemon mint
- French Marigold
Here are the best flowers for butterflies. But flowering shrubs and trees, for example, spiraea, hawthorn, buddleia, bird cherry, can also be a source of nectar. Butterflies also feed on tree sap, so the presence of woody ones in a large “butterfly garden” is a must, especially since the caterpillars of some of them live there, and the crown will become a protection for butterflies in bad weather.
How to Attract Butterflies to the Garden and Keep Them for a Long Time
Everyone knows that butterflies are made from caterpillars. To help butterflies stay in your garden for a long time, set up a butterfly garden next to the plant for butterfly garden, where they can lay eggs and the caterpillars that later turn out to feed on them. Sometimes these plants may not be very attractive, because the caterpillars partially eat the leaves! This minor inconvenience is made up for by the usefulness of butterflies, which will pollinate many of the plants in your area. Among the flowers good for butterflies, favorite caterpillars are nettles, hops, violets, dill, carrots, alfalfa, clover, mallow, cabbage, and other cultivated and wild plants.
If you decide to create an ideal place for attraction, then you should not use pesticides there, as they can harm its inhabitants.
Do not use chemicals in the garden to combat plant diseases and pests. This reduces the number of butterflies. But arranging a warm winter house for wintering butterflies will keep them on the site until next year. Any box, insulated inside, is suitable for this. Some butterflies will survive the winter perfectly in an attic or basement.
When it becomes necessary to use special substances, it is better to use preparations based on natural supplements.
Arrangement of the “Butterfly Garden”
The individual elements provided in the butterfly garden can add pleasant moments to their life. A puddle or shallow rock pool will provide water to the butterflies, and a few large rocks in the middle of the garden will be a place where butterflies can sit to rest and warm themselves. By the way, there you can take pictures of them if you are collecting stunning shots from the life of the garden. Birdbaths can also be a good addition to a butterfly garden.
Some species of butterflies require sodium, which they absorb better when wet. They will willingly replenish it, settling down near a small reservoir, made of wet clay and sand.
To add flair to your butterfly garden, place overripe or rotten fruit pieces in a separate bowl or any container. Their sweet juice is loved by butterflies and is very nutritious. Autumn butterflies will be able to feast on them directly from the fruits ripened on the tree.
The common daytime butterflies can become inhabitants of the “butterfly garden”. The most beautiful of them:
This butterfly can be seen from June to September. Its caterpillar feeds on nettles, hops, and thistles.
The wingspan is up to 6 cm, you can admire it from July to autumn. Black butterfly caterpillars live on nettles, raspberries, and hops.
Vanessa L – white
Occurs from July to late autumn, similar to urticaria. Its white caterpillar hibernates on aspens and willows.
Occurs from April to late autumn. The butterfly hibernates in attics, in basements, distinguishing the red color that attracts it. Dark caterpillars feed on nettles, sometimes hops. Flower of flowers – will decorate the butterfly garden from April to autumn. Its two-colored light-dark caterpillar hibernates in willows and fruit trees in societies.
Similar to polychrome, but more brownish with a white spot on the forewing at the top. It can be seen from July to late autumn. The dark blue caterpillar hibernates in groups on willows.
Of course, the work on creating a butterfly garden will take some time, but watching extraordinary creatures circling in the air or perching on a flower is worth it. What could be more beautiful than such a garden for your land!
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